How Long Can a Traumatic Brain Injury Last?

January 23, 2019 Brain Injuries

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury that results from a jolt impacting the head, a direct blow to

Doctor analyzing human skull x-rayA traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury that results from a jolt impacting the head, a direct blow to the head, or rapid movement of the head back and forth. TBIs contribute to almost 50,000 fatalities annually, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and are at least a factor in roughly 30% of all deaths from injuries. In the last year for which statistics are available, approximately 2.8 million hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and fatalities occurred that were related to TBIs.

The Length of a TBI Can Vary Widely

How long can a TBI last? If we focus on the effects of a TBI, the length can range from a few days to the rest of a patient’s life. That’s because, even though TBIs can be characterized as one type of possible injury, the actual injuries one can sustain vary widely. One of the most common types of TBI, for example, is a concussion, which results from the brain being jostled back and forth inside the skull. Patients can recover from the effects of a mild concussion with appropriate bed rest and lack of activity within several weeks.

But the impact of other types of TBIs can be much more serious. Severe head injury can cause multiple effects, including difficulty in cognition, dizziness, and loss of focus. Physically, severe head injuries can cause motor and muscle impairment. Both these types of symptoms may resolve with appropriate medical interventions and therapy. But others may be permanent.

Impact on the Brain?

There is also a growing body of evidence that even TBIs that seem to successfully resolve may cause lasting injury to the brain. Some studies indicate that concussions sustained relatively early in life, in high school or college sports, for example, have left an impact on the brain that may manifest later.

There is also some evidence that repeated concussions, even if the person seems to recover, can lead to increased brain impairment and psychological symptoms such as depression.

As a result, the answer to the question “how long can TBIs last?” has become more complicated. Researchers are still studying whether TBIs that appear to have healed by all outward appearances have left injuries on the brain.

Experienced TBI Attorneys in Southern California

If you or a loved one has sustained a TBI, you have our sympathy. Serious TBIs can affect your life permanently, with both physical and psychological symptoms. Your ability to hold a job, interact with family and friends, and your quality of life can all be negatively affected.

In addition, you may face steep medical bills for hospital, doctor, and therapeutic treatments.

If you need to talk to an experienced TBI lawyer in the Los Angeles area, call Sean Salamati today at 800-957-9898. The Salamati Law Firm has an exceptional record of obtaining justice for their TBI clients.
We will provide a complimentary consultation. Payment comes from any final jury award or settlement amount.

Additional Resources:

  1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recovery from Concussion.
  2. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. TBI: Get the Facts.
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Study: Suicide Risk Increased After Traumatic Brain Injury

December 7, 2018 Brain Injuries

A moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be among the most serious injuries a person can sustain. According

A moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be among the most serious injuries a person can sustain. According to the findings of a recent study, the potential long-term complications of a TBI may include an increased risk of suicide. There are many possible causes of brain injuries, including motor vehicle accidents, slip and fall incidents, construction accidents, and sports accidents, just to name a few. Elder neglect is another possibility.

Latest research on concussions

Researchers from Canada and the U.S. did a meta-analysis review of studies on concussions and brain injuries. All 17 of the studies included in the analysis had been published after 1963. In total, the review analyzed data from over 700,000 patients who had a TBI diagnosis. The control group consisted of 6.2 million patients who did not have a brain injury diagnosis.

The researchers’ findings indicated that patients with a history of TBI had a two-fold increased risk of engaging in suicidal behavior, attempting suicide, or reporting suicidal thoughts. It’s possible that multiple concussions on the same patient may increase the risk further. However, the researchers’ findings on this matter were inconclusive.

This meta-analysis review is just one of the recent studies to examine the link between concussions and suicide. A study published in August 2018 in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) also concluded that patients with a history of brain injuries had double the risk of suicide.

In that study, conducted by researchers from Denmark, the data from over 34,000 individuals were examined. The data revealed that, among people with no history of TBIs, the absolute suicide rate was 20 per 100,000 person-years. Among people with a history of brain injuries, the absolute suicide rate was 41 per 100,000 person-years.

Other serious complications of concussions and brain injuries

As alarming as this research may be, it’s only the tip of the iceberg regarding the potential complications of concussions and traumatic brain injuries. A moderate to severe TBI may result in convulsions or seizures, coma, and persistent headaches. Some survivors display unusual behavior and personality changes, including aggressive or combative behavior. It’s also possible to suffer from long-term cognitive problems, intellectual disabilities, and communication impairments.

If the brain injury also resulted in cranial nerve damage, the patient may suffer from the paralysis of the facial muscles, loss of vision or double vision, and dizziness. Hearing loss, loss or altered sense of taste, and swallowing problems are other possible complications of TBIs.

Find a Los Angeles brain injury lawyer today

For two decades, injured individuals in southern California have relied on the Salamati Law Firm to provide sound legal guidance and vigorous representation, both in and out of the courtroom. If you or a loved one has sustained a TBI in a slip and fall incident, car crash, or similar accident, you can benefit from a free case review with our traumatic brain injury lawyer in Los Angeles. Our results-oriented approach may enable you to recover compensation from a negligent party. Call 1-855-336-1703 today or email us at [email protected]

Additional resources on traumatic brain injuries:

  1. JAMA Neurology, Association of Concussion With the Risk of SuicideA Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,
  2. JAMA, Association Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Suicide,
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Can Brain Damage from an Injury Be Reversed?

October 6, 2018 Brain Injuries

Some of the most heartbreaking injuries are those that are invisible to the outside world. A traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Doctor analyzing human skull x-raySome of the most heartbreaking injuries are those that are invisible to the outside world. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause limitations including physical and emotional disabilities, inability to work, and even inability to care for oneself. Sufferers of TBI and the loved ones who care for them are often desperate for signs that the damage can be repaired. Researchers have been exploring options for reversing traumatic brain damage but there are many variables that affect success.

Factors affecting TBI recovery

Brain injuries range from seemingly mild concussions to serious diffuse axonal injuries, and the section of the brain impacted can affect the impairment suffered as well as hopes of recovery. Another key determinant is the age of the TBI victim.

Treating a TBI early improves the likelihood of recovery by reducing damage. When a severe TBI is suspected, interventions such as cooling therapies, administration of oxygen, providing medications, and even removing part of the skull may prevent further physical damage by slowing the swelling. It is crucial to monitor even seemingly mild TBIs because these interventions are sometimes necessary upon follow-up.

Once brain cells are damaged, they cannot be repaired but new connections can be made. Other parts of the brain can also learn the lost functions that had been performed by the damaged areas. For this reason, physical, cognitive, and other therapies play important parts in TBI management. Greater progress is often seen in younger patients, who have increased ability to regenerate synapses, restoring some lost function.

Researchers have breakthrough reversing brain damage

Recovery from a TBI can be a long-term process, in many cases requiring a lifetime of rehabilitation. The outlook is not always known immediately after the injury, or even for years after. However, researchers are looking for ways to reverse the damage with the use of hyperbaric oxygen treatments in an attempt to promote regrowth in the areas of damaged brain cells.

In July 2017, researchers from LSU Health New Orleans and the University of North Dakota made headlines when they successfully began the reversal of brain damage in a toddler who nearly drowned in a pool. After being hospitalized in a critical care unit for 48 days, the two-year-old girl was not expected to ever walk or talk again. However, after a series of twice-daily oxygen treatments as well as physical therapy, the little girl regained nearly normal function and shows only mild evidence of trauma to her brain.

The 2017 case is encouraging but some researchers have suggested it was not the oxygen treatments themselves but the child’s young age and/or therapies she underwent that led to her dramatic improvement.

Recovering from TBI in Southern California

For those who suffer a TBI and those who care for them, the rehabilitation process can be a long road involving lost wages, expensive therapies and medications, and even daily help for personal care. A California traumatic brain injury lawyer can help. Los Angeles personal injury attorney Sean Salamati fights for full and fair compensation for those across CA who suffer a brain injury because of someone else’s negligence. Call today to schedule a free confidential consultation.

Additional TBI recovery resources:

  1. Johns Hopkins Medicine, Traumatic Brain Injury,,P01145
  2. Science Alert, Scientists Have Reversed Brain Damage in a 2-Year-Old Girl Who Drowned in a Swimming Pool,
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Car Accidents and Concussions: What You Need to Know

August 17, 2018 Auto Accidents, Brain Injuries

Concussions are serious head injuries that can cause multiple symptoms and deterioration in the brain. Concussions have been in the

head injury after car accident

Concussions are serious head injuries that can cause multiple symptoms and deterioration in the brain. Concussions have been in the news a lot lately, especially in regard to the danger they pose to youth and adults who play sports. But many may not realize how frequent concussions (and TBI, or traumatic brain injuries) are in car accidents.

Concussions Are a Leading Cause of Emergency Room Visits

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, vehicle accidents were the #3 cause of emergency department visits related to TBIs. Falls were the #1 cause and being struck by an object was #2. Fourteen percent of these visits, hospitalizations, and fatalities related to TBIs stemmed from vehicle accidents.

TBIs cause approximately 50,000 deaths annually, and 17% of them arise after car accidents.

Multiple Symptoms Can Indicate Concussion

It’s also important to realize that multiple symptoms can indicate a concussion. Many people believe that you have to be knocked unconscious to have a concussion. That’s simply not true.

It helps to know how a concussion occurs. It is caused by your brain rocking back and forth within your cranium. The CDC notes that a direct head impact can certainly cause this, as can being jostled. In other words, the kind of car accident that causes you to be jostled back and forth can cause a concussion, whether you hit your head or become unconscious or not.

The symptoms of a concussion can be oriented around the head, such as headache, confusion, or disorientation. Memory or concentration may feel impacted in the wake of a concussion. Your pupils may be dilated or your vision might be blurry. You may experience ringing in your ears (tinnitus).

But some concussion symptoms are not centered around the head. Drowsiness and/or fatigue, nausea, vomiting, difficulty sleeping, light and/or noise sensitivity, and mood changes can all be signs of a concussion as well.

The symptoms of a concussion may not manifest immediately. People who have been in a car accident should be vigilant about monitoring themselves for symptoms of a concussion.

See a Doctor After an Accident

Because concussions are so frequent after a vehicle accident in southern California, it needs to be standard practice to see a doctor as soon as possible after an accident occurs.

A doctor can thoroughly assess you or your loved one who has been in an accident for symptoms of a concussion. They check for pupil dilation, for example, and check for other symptoms.

These symptoms may not manifest immediately. If you or a loved one has been in a car accident, being aware and monitoring possible symptoms is  crucial.

Concussion After a Car Accident in Los Angeles? Call Sean Salamati

Have you or a loved on been in a car accident in the Los Angeles area? If you need legal advice, whether it concerns a possible TBI or not, contact Los Angeles personal injury lawyer Sean Salamati today.

Our investigators will find the facts of the accident and what caused any harm done to you or a loved one. We fight for justice. An initial consultation occurs at no cost to you.

Additional “Car Accident Concussion” Resources:

  1. United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Heads Up. Brain Injury Basics. Recovery from Concussion.
  2. United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Basic Information. TBI: Get the Facts.
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July 27, 2018 Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leaves more than just a physical effect. Those who suffer a moderate or severe TBI often

power of mind headTraumatic brain injury (TBI) leaves more than just a physical effect. Those who suffer a moderate or severe TBI often suffer not just physical impairment but also emotional and cognitive impairments. Modern trends in therapy aim have a holistic effect, helping the patient regain both physical and non-physical abilities.

Appropriate therapy after TBI

The impact of a brain injury will depend on factors such as the degree of impact and location of the brain damage. The most effective treatment is tailored to help the person meet their daily challenges, both at home and at work. Treatment approaches can include:

  • Physical therapy to help regain physical strength, flexibility, and coordination
  • Speech therapy to improve the ability to speak and even swallow, if that ability has been lost. Speech therapy can also include learning to communicate using special devices.
  • Occupational therapy to focus on re-learning how to perform necessary tasks like personal care and hygiene.
  • Vocational rehabilitation helps a person attain the skills needed to return to work and respond to challenges in the workplace.\
  • Cognitive therapy helps the patient improve cognitive skills like memory, perception, attention, judgment, and planning.
  • Psychological counseling addresses the emotional aspects of a brain injury, helping the person to cope and address work and relationship effects.

TBI patients find therapeutic value in creative outlets

TBI can lead to depression and other mental health issues that are, unfortunately, still stigmatized in society. Psychological therapy suffers from the same stigma and often deters brain injury patients from getting the help they need. But some individuals with brain injuries are finding help from creative therapy.

Drexel University conducted an 8-year study that followed the mental health of 1,500 active-duty service members who participated in art therapy. One of the participants was Chris Stowe, who retired from the Marine Corps in 2016 after suffering from traumatic brain injury sustained as a bomb technician. Stowe experienced anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder but was hesitant to seek treatment. He now sees the value in it and runs a weekly glass-blowing workshop as art therapy for service members and veterans.

Creative therapy is now being incorporated around the world. For instance, the Scottish Head Injuries Musical Support Group is a theater group in Scotland made up entirely of individuals who have a TBI. The group gives members a way to connect with others who understand what they are going through while educating their audience about misunderstood aspects of recovery.

Brain injury therapy in California

The good news for those in LA who have suffered a TBI is that there are many art therapy and other creative therapy options in Los Angeles and throughout Southern California. However, many people face battles with insurance to cover these types of rehabilitation because the damage is not visible to the naked eye.

If you or a loved one have suffered a brain injury and believe someone else is at fault, you may be entitled to compensation, including the cost of rehabilitative therapy. TBI is complex but you can increase your likelihood of success with an experienced Los Angeles traumatic brain injury lawyer on your side. Call the Salamati Law Firm today at 855-544-0776 for a free consultation.

Additional TBI therapy resources:

  1. NCBI, What are the treatments for TBI?,
  2., For service members with traumatic brain injuries, art can be healing,
  3. Largs & Millport News, Remarkable tale from trauma to theatre after brain injury is moving,
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5 Delayed Signs You May Have a Concussion

July 6, 2018 Brain Injuries

Research on traumatic brain injuries suggests that delayed treatment could prolong and even hamper recovery. A concussion is among the

concussion symptoms

Research on traumatic brain injuries suggests that delayed treatment could prolong and even hamper recovery. A concussion is among the most common types of brain injury, usually caused by a blow or jolt to the head. Depending on the severity, concussions can have life-altering consequences and complications, so it’s important to know the symptoms – especially considering they don’t always appear right away. In fact, they may take several days or weeks to manifest in subtle ways.

Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to be knocked unconscious to have suffered a concussion. This type of brain trauma is not always the result of a bump to the head. A bad fall down the stairs, a violent body check (in contact sports or during a vehicle accident), is enough to bounce the brain inside the skull and damage delicate cells.

You can protect yourself and your loved ones by recognizing concussion symptoms, which can come on suddenly or slowly over time. If any of the following signs are present, you can reduce the risk of lasting repercussions by seeking prompt medical attention. With early diagnosis and proper care, most people with mild concussions can expect a full recovery.

#1: A bad headache that won’t go away

Concussive patients often complain of a “pressure headache” that tends to worsen when lying down and gets better when standing up. This type of headache doesn’t respond to OTC medications.

#2: You’re feeling detached and slow

A brain injury can impact mental function, making you feel foggy or like you took too much sleep medication. You may be feeling detached from your surroundings, confused and find it difficult to make decisions or pay attention.

#3: Not acting like your normal self

Subtle changes in mood and personality are another symptom of concussion that doesn’t show up right away. If you’re normally an upbeat, happy person who feels anxious, depressed or angry, this could be a sign of brain injury.

#4: Sleep disturbances

An estimated 90 percent of concussive patients experience some form of insomnia. If your sleep patterns have changed or you can’t fall asleep despite feeling tired, it’s time to get checked out.

#5: Coordination & balance problems

Feeling off balance is another hallmark sign of a concussion. This may or may not be accompanied by a dizziness as well. Brain injury can also affect coordination since processing speeds are slowed down.

It’s easy to dismiss a bit of “brain fog,” or feeling slower than usual. But medical experts say that if you feel that something isn’t quite right, it’s better to consult with your doctor.

There is no definitive test for a concussion, meaning this type of brain injury can go undiagnosed in those who are not aware of the signs. If your physician also suspects a concussion, he or she may refer you to a neurologist for further treatment.

Legal guidance for TBI victims in Los Angeles

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 75 percent of all traumatic brain injuries in the United States are concussions. No matter if you were in a truck accident, car crash or slipped and hit your head, you deserve to be compensated if negligence played a role.

Salamati Law can explain your options and outline the best course of action in your case. Call our law office today and talk to an experienced traumatic brain injury lawyer in Los Angeles free of charge.

Additional Resources on Concussion Injuries and Symptoms:

  1. CDC, What are the Signs and Symptoms of Concussion?
  2. Prevention, 8 Signs Of A Concussion You Need To Know
  3., Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury
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Traumatic Brain Injuries: How Big Is the Problem?

March 19, 2018 Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality and long-term mental and physical disability in the United States.

Doctor analyzing human skull x-rayTraumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality and long-term mental and physical disability in the United States. The three major causes of brain injury are motor vehicle accidents, falls and firearm injuries.

Due to their complex nature, traumatic brain injuries do not heal like other types of trauma to the body. Whereas a broken bone will eventually heal and regain function, the degree of recovery from a brain injury is never certain. People who suffer “minor” TBIs – such as a concussion – may heal completely and experience no lasting side effects.

On the other hand, a moderate to severe brain injury can have a host of negative consequences, impacting nearly every facet of the victim’s life. Some people experience cognitive deficits, memory problems and emotional instability. Others may have limited speech abilities, personality changes, or diminished motor control and mobility.

Brain injury linked to psychotic disorders

According to a 2004 cohort study published in the British Journal of Medical Practitioners, there is a higher rate of mental illness following brain injury. Researchers found evidence of psychotic disorders in nearly 50 percent of patients who suffered moderate to severe TBI, and 34 percent of the mild TBI group had evidence of mental health problems.

Needless to say, the long-term effects of TBI are often profound in nature, affecting not only the survivors, but their families and loved ones. The Brain Injury Association refers to traumatic brain injury as “the silent epidemic” because many victims have few notable symptoms following a closed head injury. Symptoms are diverse and may impair sensory functions, thinking ability, reasoning, information processing, physical functions and language.

Prevalence of TBI

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that every day, and average of 153 Americans die from injuries caused by TBI. The following brain injury statistics from the CDC reveal the magnitude of the problem.

  • Traumatic brain injuries contribute to 30 percent of all injury-related deaths in the U.S.
  • In 2013, traumatic brain injuries were responsible for 2.8 million emergency department visits, hospitalizations and fatalities
  • In 2012, nearly U.S. 330,000 children were treated for TBI caused by for sports and recreation-related injuries
  • An estimated 1/3 of all children (under the age of 19) who sustain moderate to severe TBI are left permanently disabled
  • From 2007–2013, the incidence of TBI-related emergency room visits increased by 47 percent
  • Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of TBI-related hospitalizations for people 15-44 years of age.
  • Motor vehicle collisions are responsible for the largest percentage of TBI-related deaths (31.8 percent)

Any type of event that jolts the brain inside of the skull can result in TBI. Today an estimated 1.7 percent of the U.S. population is living with long-term impairments caused by traumatic brain injury. The financial demands of recovering from TBI are incredibly high – easily reaching six figures. When negligence plays a role in the injury, victims may entitled to compensation to pay for medical bills, lost income, rehabilitation and other injury-related expenses.

Los Angeles head injury lawyers

The Salamati Law Firm understands the economic burdens placed on TBI victims and their families. Our head injury attorneys accept challenging claims that other firms shy away from. Leveraging our in-house resources and legal expertise, we fight for maximum damages for your injury and losses.  We are proud to offer superior legal representation to personal injury victims and have served residents in the greater Los Angeles area for over 20 years.

Our multi-lingual legal team speaks Spanish, Farsi, Thai, Mandarin and Armenian. Call today for a free consult with a Los Angeles traumatic brain injury lawyer at our firm.

Additional Traumatic Brain Injury Resources:

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, TBI Get The Facts
  2. Mayo Clinic, Traumatic Brain Injury
  3. Mayfield Brain & Spine, Traumatic brain injury
  4. British Journal of Medical Practitioners, Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders Following Brain Injury
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Brain Injury Awareness Month: What You Should Know About TBI

March 7, 2018 Brain Injuries

March is Brain Injury Awareness Month. For more than 30 years, the Brain Injury Association of America (“BIAA”) has taken

mri head scan brain injury

March is Brain Injury Awareness Month. For more than 30 years, the Brain Injury Association of America (“BIAA”) has taken the opportunity throughout March to promote public awareness of brain injuries.

The campaign theme for 2018-2020 is “Change Your Mind”. Using #ChangeYourMind, the campaign hopes to de-stigmatize brain injury, empower survivors and their caregivers, and emphasize the supports available to those living with brain injury.

What is a traumatic brain injury?

A traumatic brain injury (“TBI”) is a disruption to the normal activity of the brain that is not caused by degeneration or a congenital issue.

A TBI is often an acute injury that damages the brain and results from a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. Non-injury-related TBIs can result from strokes, infections, or exposure to substances that damage the brain. A mild TBI, like a concussion, might have only a temporary affect on brain cells, while a more serious injury can cause permanent brain damage or even death.

How common are TBIs?

It is estimated at least 10 million people around the world suffer traumatic brain injuries annually. They account for more than 2 million American emergency room visits.

Half of all TBIs are the result of motor vehicle accidents. Other common causes are sports, military combat, and slip and fall accidents.

What are the risks of a TBI?

For serious TBIs, the risks have been long-acknowledged: they can lead to death, impairments in memory, cognitive ability, and emotional functioning, sensory issues, hormonal imbalance, or a host of other problems.

It has been a common misconception that mild TBIs, including concussions, do not have a lasting effect. However, recent research has linked repeated concussions to an increased risk of dementia. The study highlights the need to take safety measures seriously.

How are TBIs diagnosed?

Depending on the severity, a TBI may be diagnosed based on clinical observations of symptoms or with the use of tests like a CT scan. Symptoms can include:

  • Persistent or worsening headaches
  • Nausea or repeated vomiting
  • Convulsions
  • Seizures
  • Weakness in limbs
  • Trouble waking from sleep
  • Dilated pupils
  • Slurred speech

Recent developments may simplify the diagnosis of serious TBI, though not concussions. The Banyan Brain Trauma Indicator is a test newly-approved by the FDA to detect a serious TBI. It is a blood test that can detect two proteins in the brain when they leak into the bloodstream, with the ability to pick up on the proteins within 12 hours of an injury. The new test can cut down on exposure to radiation through CT scans, the usual method of detecting a TBI. Though the test cannot detect a concussion, doctors behind the test are hopeful that a test for concussion will follow.

Protecting your rights after a brain injury in California

A brain injury can leave lasting physical, emotional, and financial effects for years to come. If the injury occurred because of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to recover compensation.

Schedule a consultation with Los Angeles traumatic brain injury lawyer Sean Salamati to discuss the circumstances of your case. Facing an insurance claim or court battle alone can be emotionally draining and leave money on the table. We are dedicated to protecting the rights of injury victims and do not charge a fee unless we win compensation on your behalf.

 Additional Brain Injury Awareness Month Resources:

  1. Brain Injury Association of America, March is Brain Injury Awareness Month,
  2. Brain Injury Association of America, Brain Injury Awareness: Public Awareness,
  3. WIVB, FDA approves first blood test to diagnose traumatic brain injuries,
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